Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2307/5627
Title: The rise of written Somali literature
Authors: Andrzejewski, B.W.
Discipline: Center for Somali Studies List of Subjects::Literature
Xoghayaha Xarunta Cilmibaarista Soomaaliyeed::Suugaan
Soggettario Centro Studi Somalo::LETTERATURA
Keywords: written literature
writing
Somali language
literary genres
oral literature
culture
suugaan qoran
qoris
af Soomaali
qaybaha suugaanta
suugaan aan qornayn
dhaqan
letteratura scritta
scrittura
lingua somala
generi letterari
letteratura orale
cultura
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Routeledge
Type: article
Journal: Journal of African Cultural Studies
Call Number: Originale conservato presso il Centro Studi Somali (http://host.uniroma3.it/centri/CentroStudiSomali/index.php)
Issue Number: 1
Pages: 73-80
Abstract: The article, first published in 1975, concerns the rise of written Somali literature after the introduction of a national orthography for Somali language in 1972. The author affirms that written literature clearly descends from the oral literature and he attempts a classification of the Somali authors into three categories: preservers, transmuters and innovators. The preservers limited themselves to the writing down of oral poems, proverbs and narratives safeguarding the oral heritage. The transmuters use texts and themes derived from oral sources as important ingredients of their works which, instead, belong to genres alien to Somali oral literature, such as novels. Finally, the innovators introduce new elements in poetry, drama and prose: new poems published in newspapers with an ideologic political purpose; plays written entirely in prose form; novels and short stories belonging to realistic fiction.
Maqaalkan, oo la daabacay markiisi hore 1975, wuxuu ka hadlayaa koboca suugaanta Soomaaliyeed kaddib markii la billaabay in si rasmi ah loo adeegsado farta Af Soomaaliga 1972. Qoraagu wuxuu si cad u muujinayaa in suugaanta Soomaaliyeed ee qoran ay ka soo jeeddo suugaanta aan la qori jirin, wuxuuna qorayaasha Soomaaliyeed u qaybiyay saddex nooc: kuwa muxaafid ah, kuwa isbeddel wada iyo kuwa wax cusub wada. Kuwa hore waxay ku ekaadeen in ay ururiyaan suugaanta Soomaaliyeed ee kala duwan ee aan qornayn. Kuwa labaad, iyagoo ka shidaal qaadanaya dhaqanka iyo suugaantii hore ee aan qornayn, ayaa waxay samaynayaan suugaan cusub, sida sheekooyinka mala'awaalka ah. Kuwa saddexaad waxyaabo cusub ayay ku biiriyeen maansada, masraxiyadda iyo qoraalka tiraabta ah: gabayo cusub oo lagu daabacay wargeysyada oo leh ujeedo fikrad siyaasadeed; riwaayadaha qoran oo gebi ahaanba qaab tiraab ah; noofalada iyo sheekooyin gaagaaban oo ay leeyihiin qaab sheekooyin dhab ah.
L'articolo, apparso per la prima volta nel 1975, riguarda l'ascesa della letteratura somala scritta dopo l'introduzione dell'ortografia ufficiale per la lingua somala nel 1972. L'autore denota la chiara discendenza della letteratura somala scritta da quella orale e tenta una classificazione degli autori somali in tre categorie: preservers (conservatori), transmuters (trasformatori) e innovators (innovatori). I primi si limitano alla trascrizione di poesie, proverbi e narrativa orali preservando così il patrimonio orale. I 'trasformatori' utilizzano testi e temi da fonti orali come ingredienti importanti dei propri lavori che appartengono però a generi alieni alla letteratura orale somala, come ad esempio il romanzo. Gli 'innovatori' infine introducono nuovi elementi nella poesia, nel teatro e nella prosa: poesie inedite pubblicate in riviste con un chiaro scopo ideologico e politico; opere teatrali scritte interamente in prosa; romanzi e racconti appartenenti alla narrativa realista.
Link: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13696815.2011.581459
Description: First published in African Research and Documentation 8/9: 7–14, 1975.
Waxaa markii ugu horreysay lagu daabacay "African Research and Documentation", 8/9: 7-14, 1975.
Apparso per la prima volta in "African Research and Documentation", 8/9: 7-14, 1975.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2307/5627
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Articoli - Maqaallo - Articles

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