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Title: Geohistory of the Central Anatolian Plateau southern margin (Southern Turkey)
Authors: Radeff, Giuditta
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor: Cosentino, Domenico
Keywords: Messinian Salinity Crisis
Central Anatolian Plateau
sedimentary record
subsidence history
Southern Turkey
Issue Date: 16-Apr-2014
Publisher: Università degli studi Roma Tre
Abstract: The Adana Basin of southern Turkey, situated at the SE margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau (CAP) is ideally located to record Neogene topographic and tectonic changes in the easternmost Mediterranean realm. We correlate 34 seismic profiles with corresponding exposed units in the Adana Basin. The time-depth conversion of the interpreted seismic profiles allows us to reconstruct the subsidence curve of the Adana Basin and to outline the occurrence of a major increase in both subsidence and sedimentation rates at 5.45 – 5.33 Ma, leading to the deposition of almost 1500 km3 of conglomerates and marls. Our provenance analysis of the conglomerates reveals that most of the sediment is derived from and north of the SE margin of the CAP. A comparison of these results with the composition of recent conglomerates and the present drainage basins indicates major changes between late Messinian and present-day source areas. We suggest that these changes in source areas result of uplift and ensuing erosion of the SE margin of the plateau. This hypothesis is corroborated by the comparison of the Adana Basin subsidence curve with the subsidence curve of the Mut Basin, a mainly Neogene basin located on top of the CAP southern margin, showing that the Adana Basin subsidence event is coeval with an uplift episode of the plateau southern margin. The collection of several fault measurements in the Adana region show different deformation styles for the NW and SE margins of the Adana Basin. The weakly seismic NW portion of the basin is characterized by extensional and transtensional structures cutting Neogene deposits, likely accomodating the differential uplift occurring between the basin and the SE margin of the plateau. We interpret the tectonic evolution of the southern flank of the Anatolian Plateau and the coeval subsidence and sedimentation in the Adana Basin to be related to deep lithospheric processes, particularly lithospheric delamination and slab break-off.
Access Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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